Accessible links without underlines

UPDATE - I've launched a new tool called The Contrast Triangle that helps you deal with this situation. You can read more about it at this blog post.

When styling hyperlinks within blocks of text, sticking to the convention of underlines is always preferable. It's clear, easily understood, and accessible.

If the design calls for text links to not have underlines, but change the color of links, you are now confronted with a three sided design constraint.

Simply having a different color is not sufficient, because this difference may not be perceivable to users with colorblindness or other visual impairments. Without underlines (or relying on alternate styling such as italics or bold treatments), you need to rely purely on contrast in order to be accessible.

And that contrast needs to exist between:

All three of these colors need sufficient contrast between each other.

Contrast will be what makes a link look different enough from the text around it that a colorblind user will still be able to see that it is different.

How much contrast?

3:1, according to the WCAG 2.0 standard.

How do I check?

Shameless plug: my new tool called The Contrast Triangle.

There are quite a few contrast checkers out on the web. My personal favorite is the Contrast Ratio by Lea Verou. It (and most other tools out there) only compare two colors, so there will be some manual work involved checking the three colors against each other.

You need to compare your link color to your regular text color, and make sure the contrast value is above 3:1.

Over and above that you need to make sure both your link and text colors provide sufficient contrast from the background color, (usually 4.5:1), depending on the size of your type.

See the WCAG 2.0 standard on background/foreground contrast.

Special Thanks Thanks to Dennis Lembree for spot checking this post.